Here at PelHeat we focus on small scale pellet equipment from our Mini Pellet Mill to our pellet plants. The equipment we offer is designed and manufactured here in the UK. If the pellet plants below are not suitable for your project for any reason we also now offer an affordable consultation service.
The productivity per hour of these pellet plants ranges from 250 Kg/h of wood/biomass pellets (single pellet press) up to 2,000 kg/h of wood/biomass pellets (multiple press plant). For lower density materials such as feed pellets the productivity per hour of the plants is much higher, for instance a single press pellet plant can produce up to 1,000 kg/h of feed pellets.
The Pellet Plant Process
The video above gives an introduction to the features and components of a typical wood pellet plant. The process starts with a raw material bin feeding a gravity hammer mill. If the raw material is above 15% moisture a dryer would be installed before the hammer mill.
After the hammer mill a small amount of binder (modified corn starch) can be added to the raw material to aid the process. The material is then carried to the top of the pellet mill to the conditioner chamber, here small amounts of water/vegetable oil can be added to aid the process within the pellet press. After the pellets are formed a knife cuts the pellets to the desired length.
The pellets now pass over a screen known as a fines sieve to remove dust from the pellets before they are cooled and carried to a storage vessel. From here the pellets can be then packaged into small bags or large dumpy bags.
Automation and Labour Costs
Automation is very important when it comes to operating a pellet mill and pellet plant. One of the highest costs in all forms of manufacturer is labour. Therefore keeping labour costs under control and to a minimum is very important in keeping production costs down and profits up.
Many other small pellet production lines on the market today offer either no automation or very limited automation. For a pellet plant to be truly automated each process needs to be aware of the other. As you can see from the video below all of the components on this small pellet plant are linked together through one central control panel. This means that you have precise control over the process and if there is an issue at any stage of the process the control panel will alert you to the issue. No other small scale pellet plant offers you such a sophisticated pellet plant control system, replicating the process of professional plants.
Typical Small Pellet Plant Customers
Today pellets are been used in many different industries and markets. Wood pellets are just one example of the type of pellets that can be produced. Before the fuel pellet market even existed the animal feed market fulfilled most of the demand for small pellet plants and mills.
However now due to the rise in the cost of fossil fuels and the demand for low carbon renewable energy, wood pellets and other biomass fuel pellets are the fastest growing market for pellets. These pellet plants have been purchased by saw mills and other wood waste processors to make wood pellets to meet the demands of the industrial and domestic markets. Farmers are also installing these small scale pellet plants to process biomass materials such as Miscanthus, Straw, Hemp and other grasses into fuel pellets. There are many possibilities to produce pellets for different uses efficiently on a highly automated small scale pellet plant.
Installation and Commissioning Of The Pellet Plant
We can provide a complete turn-key installation of the pellet plant at your location. Once an order has been made and the plant has been delivered to your location, engineers can be sent to completely construct and wire up the electrics on the small pellet plant ready for use.
We will also provide a full commissioning of the pellet plant to check the plant is in full working order. Our team will spend a few days with the intended operator to teach them the process of operating the pellet plant and the necessary maintenance that needs to be carried out. The operator will be educated in the process of making quality pellets, and how to adjust the process to maximise pellet quality, minimise energy consumption and wear of consumables such as the roller and die. This service is vital for you to be able to efficiently operate the pellet plant safely and keep the small pellet plant running for hours on end.
What Materials Can Be Used In The Pellet Mill?
Many different materials can be compressed into pellet form for many different uses. Wood pellets are very popular and the pellet mill can process both hard woods and soft woods into pellet form. Wood pellets are generally used for fuel in pellet stoves or boilers, alternatively they are also used for animal bedding and for BBQ/smoking pellets.
However wood is just one material which can be compressed into pellet form. Many other biomass materials can also be compressed into pellets such as Miscanthus, Reed, Hemp, Switchgrass and other straws and grasses. You may have a more unique material which you wish to compress into pellet form. Our small scale pellet plants are highly flexible and can be quickly modified to change the parameters to pellet different materials.
Customers Pellet Plants
Grass Pellet Plant (400 kg/h) – Ukraine
Wood Pellet Plant (250 kg/h) – England
Miscanthus Pellet Plant (250 kg/h) – England
Horse Feed Pellet Plant (1,000 kg/h) – England